What the Compacts Do

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  • Compacts authorize the operation of Class III gaming by tribal governments on Indian lands over which those governments exercise jurisdiction, but prohibit the operation of any other kinds of Class III gaming;


  • The Compacts prescribe the number of gaming devices and casinos any one tribe may operate;


  • The Compacts recognize the primacy of the role of the tribal governments, and impose requirements and procedures to ensure the effective regulation of Class III gaming, including licensing of gaming employees, vendors and sources of financing, standards for public health, workplace safety, building safety, water quality, environmental protection, various employee rights and benefits, audit requirements, technical standards for gaming devices, payments to the State and to tribes with limited or no gaming, and every other aspect of regulation and protection of facilities, patrons, employees, assets and game integrity.  The Compacts also establish a mechanism for resolving disputes between each tribe and the State, between gaming employees and tribes, and between patrons and tribes.